The Vredefort Dome Meteorite Hiking Trails offer many scenic routes through this newest Natural World Heritage site of South Africa, which is the oldest and largest meteorite impact site in the world. The landscape is dominated by the high concentric ridges covered largely with naturally occurring bushveld vegetation. The area is very rich in plant and animal life and hosts many endemic species. One may see blesbok, duiker, black wildebeest, red hartebeest, kudu, warthog, jackal, caracal and brown hyena. Many bird species occur, from fish eagles and the heron family at the river to the ubiquitous guinea fowl and corn birds. More than 50 tree species may be seen, such as jacket plum, sweet thorn, cabbage tree and wild olive. Companies like Fagala Voet do great one day hikes and even a two day hike with a sleepover. This landscape of this important geological site came into being when an enormously large body of rock, an asteroid of about 10 km in diameter, struck the earth where the town of Vredefort lies today.